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Title: A comparative study of ganzfeld and dream reports in free response ESP studies
Author: Eppingar, R.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2001
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In studying altered states of consciousness in relation to psi, parapsychology researchers have achieved interesting results. It seems that altered states of consciousness could facilitate somehow psi-manifestation, however, further research is needed to verify that. This presents two experiments aimed to explore participants reports of their experiences in two altered states of consciousness conditions, the dream and the ganzfeld. The ESP dream condition is used in one of these experiments. The ESP dream condition involves a clairvoyance technique. The experimental ESP dream research is reviewed with emphasis on those experiments which are relevant to the method used in this thesis. Problems with some methods of dream ESP research are approached and discussed as well as difficulties of doing such research. The ganzfeld condition with clairvoyance technique is used in the second experiment of this thesis. The ganzfeld is known as one of the most successful methods for the achievement of ESP results. The experimental ganzfeld research is reviewed emphasising studies which are relevant to the method used in this thesis, and difficulties with methods of conducing ganzfeld research are presented and discussed. A general review is made of the content analysis method which is used in this thesis as a tool to analyse the content of dream and ganzfeld experiment reports. The results obtained of the dream and ganzfeld reports' content analysis showed patterns and regularities within the participants reports data. All the results concerning the content analysis are presented within chapter 7 of this thesis. Both studies in this thesis were conducted by the author in Curitiba, a southern city of Brazil. A total of 50 Brazilian participants took part in 100 experiments, 50 dream experiments, and 50 ganzfeld experiments. The Brazilian culture aggregates various religions and beliefs, which is believed to provide a interesting environment where to conduct psi research. Nevertheless, the overall result of the dream and the ganzfeld studies were non-significant The main findings of these experiments are that the dream research and the ganzfeld research seems to continues to be promising areas of study. In conclusion, further and systematic research of the dream and ganzfeld variables would be important to produce positive psi results. The final chapter of this thesis provides a general discussion of the main findings of this study, furthering the discussion about the dream and ganzfeld methods.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available