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Title: A study in paradox : some contradictions in Anglican attitudes to mission in the mid-nineteenth century as embodied in the life of Francis T. McDougall and his work in the Borneo Mission
Author: Edwards, David A.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1998
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Francis T. McDougall was consecrated in 1855 as the first Anglican bishop of Labuan and Sarawak after 7 years spent in establishing the Borneo Church Mission in the territory ruled by rajah James Brooke. He has been much neglected in the published histories of Anglican Mission in the 19th century, barely mentioned in some books, ignored in others, the subject of only one biography - and that written in 1889 by his brother-in-law. It is the purpose of this thesis to examine his ideas and achievements by means of a careful study of such primary sources as his letters and sermons, correspondence from authorities in church, missionary societies and state, and letters from his wife Harriette and other family members. After an Introduction describing the genesis of the Mission in the imagination of Brooke Chapter 1 outlines under 3 thematic headings the work of McDougall in Sarawak between his arrival in June 1848 and his first furlough at the end of 1852. These themes are examined in depth in the next 3 chapters, each of which looks at McDougall against the background of Anglican attitudes to Mission in general since the Reformation and in particular during the middle years of the 19th century. Chapter 2, under the title 'First to civilise - then to Christianise', traces how McDougall (in line with Anglican theory and practice in the post-Enlightenment era) established education for Malays and medical facilities in the hope that these would lead to wholesale conversions. Becoming disillusioned with what he came to see as 'merely civilising', he maintained a consistent caring ministry as the first ever Anglican medical missionary in spite of suffering persistent bad health himself. Chapter 3 evaluates McDougall as 'a traditional churchman with an inclusivist missiology', and shows a missionary from an orthodox background making a genuine attempt - unusual in his day - to appreciate the work of God in the Dayak primal religions and to prepare the way for the creation of an indigenous church.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available