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Title: A critique of E.P. Sanders' theses concerning Jesus' teaching on forgiveness in the light of a close examination of the relevant passages in the Synoptic Gospels
Author: Choi, Jae-Duk
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1992
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E.P. Sanders in his work, Jesus and Judaism, advances a refreshingly new position concerning Jesus' teaching on forgiveness. This dissertation is focused on pointing out why some of Sanders' arguments remain unconvincing and at advancing more convincing theses against his case in the light of a close examination of relevant passages in the synoptic gospels. Chapter 1 consists of several parts: a short introduction on Sanders' academic career, his significant contributions, overall review of Jesus and Judaism, and a critical examination of his five main arguments concerning Jesus' teaching on forgiveness. (1) Jesus does not ask for national repentance. (2) Jesus does not stress the need for repentance. (3) Jesus does not make repentance according to the law which requires restitution and/or sacrifice a condition for joining his band of disciples. (4) The only requirement was to 'follow' him, i.e., to join his band and 'accept' his message. (5) Jesus does not give his message on forgiveness an eschatological thrust like John the Baptist. Chapter 2 comprises a close examination of five passages appearing in three synoptic gospels, which turn out to be authentic sayings of Jesus. Jesus proclaims national repentance: Mark 1:15; Matt 4:17; Mark 8:12; Matt 12:39; Luke 11:29; Matt 12:42-42; Luke 11:31-32. Jesus teaches the need of making restitution to God: Mark 1:40-44; Matt 8:2-4; Luke 5:12-16. Chapter 3 contains investigations of the authenticity of seven passages which appear in Matthew and Luke but not in Mark. Matt 6:12; Luke 11:4; Matt 10:5-15; Luke 10:2-12; Matt 11:16-19; Luke 7:31-35; Matt 23:37-39; Luke 13:34-35; Matt 11:21-23; Luke 10:13-15 attest that Jesus and his disciplines call for national repentance with an eschatological overtone. Matt 5:25-26; Luke 12:57-59; Matt 6:12; Luke 11:4; Matt 18:12-14; Luke 15:4-7 elucidate Jesus' stress on repentance, restitution, reconciliation along with forgiveness.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available