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Title: Experimentally simulating high rate deformation of polymers and composites
Author: Kendall, Michael James
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2013
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The research presented in this dissertation presents a methodology to experimentally predict and simulate the mechanical behavior of polymers under high strain rate deformation. Specifically, the interplay between the effects of temperature and strain rate on polymer behavior is examined and then used as a tool to help recreate the high rate mechanical response of several different polymers: ranging from rubbers to amorphous polymers to composites. Multiple literature reviews are conducted and presented in this thesis, e.g. experimental mechanics test methods, high rate behavior, time-temperature equivalence, constitutive modeling, and temperature measurement methods. In accordance with mechanical theory, an experimental and analytical protocol in rate- and temperature- dependence was applied to a range of PVC materials ranging in plasticizer contents. Further to this, these PVC materials were modeled with a rubbery model describing the network stress seen in polymer behavior, and an amorphous polymer model to describe PVC low to high rate responses to deformation. This modeling develops insights in the adiabatic nature of high rate response. Time-temperature equivalence, and the temperature rise during adiabatic deformation, are studied and exploited in order to implement a proposed experimental method which simulates the high rate deformation of polymeric materials. The development of an experimental methodology to simulate and predict high rate behavior is presented, applied, and expanded to a range of materials: amorphous polymers (e.g. PVC 20wt% plasticizer, PMMA, PC) and composites (e.g. polymer bonded explosive simulant). The work also presents and highlights the fact that micro to nano-scale imaging may be used in parallel with the simulation method in order to better understand high rate behavior. Furthermore, in result of the studies conducted in this body of work, several novel techniques were developed, or improved upon, and applied to the current research (e.g. additions to time-temperature equivalence, temperature measurement methods at high, moderate, and low strain rates, and a method for measuring the high rate behavior of soft materials).
Supervisor: Siviour, Clive R. Sponsor: Air Force Office of Scientific Research
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Physics ; Theoretical physics ; Engineering & allied sciences ; Biomedical engineering ; Mechanical engineering ; Solid mechanics ; Structural dynamics ; Aeronautical research ; strain rate ; thermodynamics ; experimental simulation ; modeling ; high rate ; deformation ; polymers ; composites