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Title: The household knights of King Henry III, 1216-1236
Author: Lightfoot, K. W. B.
Awarding Body: University of Wales Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 2006
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This thesis examines the indispensable role played by the household knights of King Henry III in the governance of England, Ireland, and those parts of Wales under Crown rule between the years 1216 and 1236. A large part of this study is devoted to reconstructing the membership of the familia regis from the fragmentary evidence for this period. Building on that reconstruction and the identification of king’s knights it provides, the major duties and functions of the milites regis are examined. It will be shown that their greatest contribution as a group was through their performance as sheriffs castle custodians, diplomats, and guardians of important state prisoners. How the king’s knights were compensated for their service is also examined. This thesis shows how the terra Normannorum was used as a preserve by Henry III to reward his knights for their services, and how tenure of these escheats, given initially at pleasure, were gradually secured as hereditary grants guaranteed by royal charter. The process whereby this occurred is discussed as well as the political implications. The development of a system of monetary rewards during the minority and early years of Henry III’s personal rule involving annual Exchequer fees is also examined.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available