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Title: Exploring the psychometric properties of a new screening tool for body dysmorphic disorder in young people in psychiatric in-patient units
Author: Sparrow, Louise
ISNI:       0000 0004 5358 4513
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2014
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Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a1n under-recognised yet relatively common and severe mental condition that has been reported around the world (Phillips, 1998). Limited available literature suggests that BOO develops in adolescence, with a higher prevalence rate for adolescents in psychiatric inpatient units with high rates of distress, suicidal ideation and social impairment severely interrupting education and global development (Dyl, Kittler, Phillips, & Hunt, 2006; Neziroglu, McKay, Todaro, & Yaryura-Tobias, 1996; Phillips, 1995). The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines state that BDD symptoms should routinely be screened for (NICE, 2005) however no validated measure developed for use with adolescents exists. This study therefore aims to validate a self-report symptom measure for BOO in young people. Twenty adolescents aged between 13-17 years admitted to psychiatric inpatient units were given the new selfreport BOO symptom measure (Body Image Questionnaire: BIQ) by ward staff as part of routine clinical practice. The BIQ was found to demonstrate promising psychometric properties in terms of clinical validity and reliability, and provides prevalence data for this sample. Overall, the findings contribute to the literature regarding the aetiology of BOO by making clinical advances. Recommendations are made for future research including focusing on gathering more information from a larger sample to assess prevalence rates of BOO in a UK sample. Further data should be gathered to add to this preliminary study of the validity of the BIQ measure to be further developed for use as a screening tool for BOO in all adolescent psychiatric inpatient units.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available