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Title: Computation of rim-sealed ingestion for gas turbines
Author: Teuber, Roy
ISNI:       0000 0004 5357 4155
Awarding Body: University of Bath
Current Institution: University of Bath
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis focuses on the ingress problem in rotor-stator system in turbines with the primary emphasis on numerical methods. The first part of this dissertation implemented a newly-developed orifice model for externally-induced (EI) ingress into a non-commercial one-dimensional (1D) flow network solver. The massflow functions of the EI ingress model are solved with an iterative procedure with inner and outer loop iterations. The comparison of this model against a standard procedure where the fluid exchange is modelled with multiple branches was in good agreement despite a diverging behaviour at high sealing effectiveness. An extrapolation method was developed to extrapolate the sealing parameter Φmin from one Mach number regime to another. This procedure, which uses the linear saw-tooth model for EI ingress, showed good agreement with the computed values of Φmin over the investigated subsonic range. It was proposed to use this method to scale the experimentally determined Φmin value obtained at incompressible test rig conditions to a geometric similar engine at compressible conditions. The effect of aerodynamic off-design conditions (varying flow coefficient, CF ) and their impact on ingress in rotor-stator systems was investigated with transient CFD computations. Pressure measurements behind the trailing edge of the vane showed a linear variation of the non-dimensional pressure coefficient with flow coefficient. This behaviour was confirmed numerically with the exception of a diverging behaviour with an increase of Cp at low values of CF . This effect could be isolated and associated with the rotor blade at large deviation angles. Various rim-seal concepts were numerically investigated with the intent to minimise the ingress levels in the wheel-space of a high pressure turbine. These concepts were experimentally tested at the ingress facility of the University of Bath and confirmed predicting the ranking order of these seals by the numerical investigation. An optimised rim-seal design was developed from this study which addresses the root cause of the EI ingress by attenuating the tangential pressure variation; the new rim-seal reduced the sealing parameter Φmin by about 40% compared a the baseline case. A numerical study investigated several rotor endwall concepts with the objective to minimise the mixing loss associated with the interaction of the egress with the mainstream flow. A 3D concept with leading edge feature along with an incorporated egress channel within the endwall reduces not only the interaction loss but also losses associated to secondary flows, (i.e. horse show vortex and cross passage flow), without negatively impacting the ingress levels of the upstream located wheel-space.
Supervisor: Wilson, Michael ; Lock, Gary Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available