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Title: Efficient numerical methods for the solution of coupled multiphysics problems
Author: Asner, Liya
ISNI:       0000 0004 5354 1003
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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Multiphysics systems with interface coupling are used to model a variety of physical phenomena, such as arterial blood flow, air flow around aeroplane wings, or interactions between surface and ground water flows. Numerical methods enable the practical application of these models through computer simulations. Specifically a high level of detail and accuracy is achieved in finite element methods by discretisations which use extremely large numbers of degrees of freedom, rendering the solution process challenging from the computational perspective. In this thesis we address this challenge by developing a twofold strategy for improving the efficiency of standard finite element coupled solvers. First, we propose to solve a monolithic coupled problem using block-preconditioned GMRES with a new Schur complement approximation. This results in a modular and robust method which significantly reduces the computational cost of solving the system. In particular, numerical tests show mesh-independent convergence of the solver for all the considered problems, suggesting that the method is well-suited to solving large-scale coupled systems. Second, we derive an adjoint-based formula for goal-oriented a posteriori error estimation, which leads to a time-space mesh refinement strategy. The strategy produces a mesh tailored to a given problem and quantity of interest. The monolithic formulation of the coupled problem allows us to obtain expressions for the error in the Lagrange multiplier, which often represents a physically relevant quantity, such as the normal stress on the interface between the problem components. This adaptive refinement technique provides an effective tool for controlling the error in the quantity of interest and/or the size of the discrete system, which may be limited by the available computational resources. The solver and the mesh refinement strategy are both successfully employed to solve a coupled Stokes-Darcy-Stokes problem modelling flow through a cartridge filter.
Supervisor: Kay, David; Gavaghan, David Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Technology and Applied Sciences ; Numerical analysis ; numerical methods ; partial differential equations ; multiphysics problems ; error estimation ; preconditioning