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Title: Intelligent fault detection and isolation for proton exchange membrane fuel cell systems
Author: Md Kamal, Mahanijah
ISNI:       0000 0004 5350 4763
Awarding Body: Liverpool John Moores University
Current Institution: Liverpool John Moores University
Date of Award: 2014
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This work presents a new approach for detecting and isolating faults in nonlinear processes using independent neural network models. In this approach, an independent neural network is used to model the proton exchange membrane fuel cell nonlinear systems using a multi-input multi-output structure. This research proposed the use of radial basis function network and multilayer perceptron network to perform fault detection. After training, the neural network models can give accurate prediction of the system outputs, based on the system inputs. Using the residual generation concept developed in the model-based diagnosis, the difference between the actual and estimated outputs are used as residuals to detect faults. When the magnitude of these residuals exceed a predefined threshold, it is likely that the system is faulty. In order to isolate faults in the system, a second neural network is used to examine features in the residual. A specific feature would correspond to a specific fault. Based on features extracted and classification principles, the second neural network can isolate faults reliably and correctly. The developed method is applied to a benchmark simulation model of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell stacks developed at Michigan University. One component fault, one actuator fault and three sensor faults were simulated on the benchmark model. The simulation results show that the developed approach is able to detect and isolate the faults to a fault size of ±10% of nominal values. These results are promising and indicate the potential of the method to be applied to the real world of fuel cell stacks for dynamic monitoring and reliable operations.
Supervisor: Yu, Dingli Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Fault diagnosis ; neural network