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Title: Remembering the prior body states of others : evidence from facial EMG and pupil size
Author: Pawling, Ralph
ISNI:       0000 0004 5365 5262
Awarding Body: Prifysgol Bangor University
Current Institution: Bangor University
Date of Award: 2014
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Other people's internal emotional states can sometimes be perceived through the physical responses they cause. These responses are mimicked, or embodied, by viewers, and this process is believed to aid prediction of other people's feelings and future actions. We propose that when other people's emotional expressions are embodied through facial mimicry, these embodiments are reactivated during later encounters, even when the person who was previously emotional now shows no emotional state. These embodied retrieval processes might underpin the ability to act predictively of someone's future state. We also propose that even subtle cues, that are not knowingly perceived, cause long-term changes in the way we represent individuals. In the first half of this thesis the reinstatement of facial mimicry effects was investigated. In a series of experiments participants viewed faces that became consistently happy or angry, and later viewed the same faces with neutral expressions. Facial mimicry effects elicited by the faces were shown to be activated predictively of the forthcoming emotion, and in the later task reactivated in response to the neutral faces. These effects only occurred in those participants who first embodied the emotions they saw on the faces, and were shown not to occur for emotional but nonfacial stimuli.
Supervisor: Tipper, Steven Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available