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Title: Design and optimisation of constrained electromagnetic energy harvesting devices
Author: Hendijanizadeh, M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5359 2046
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis investigates the design and optimisation of constrained electromagnetic energy harvesters. It provides optimal design guidelines for constrained electromagnetic energy harvesters under harmonic and random vibrations. To find the characteristics of the vibration source, for instance vertical motion of a boat, the spectrum of the excitation amplitude should be obtained. Two Kalman filter based methods are proposed to overcome the difficulties of calculating displacement from measured acceleration. Analytical models describing the dynamics of linear and rotational electromagnetic energy harvesters are developed. These models are used to formulate a set of design rules for constrained linear and rotational energy harvesters subjected to a given sinusoidal excitation. For the sake of comparison and based on the electromechanical coupling coefficient of the systems, the maximum output power and the corresponding efficiency of linear and rotational harvesters are derived in a unified form. It is shown that under certain condition, rotational systems have greater capabilities in transferring energy to the load resistance and hence obtaining higher efficiency than linear systems. Also, the performance of a designed rotational harvester in response to broadband and band-limited random vibrations is evaluated and an optimum design process is presented for maximizing the output power under these conditions. It is furthermore shown that the profile of the spectral density of the measured acceleration signal of a typical boat can be approximated by a Cauchy distribution which is used to calculate the extracted power extracted by the proposed energy harvester in real conditions. In order to increase the operational bandwidth of rotational energy harvesters, subjected to time-varying frequency vibrations, a variable moment of inertia mechanism is proposed to adaptively tune the resonance frequency of harvester to match the excitation frequency. Also, the effects of combining the variable moment of inertia mechanism and adjusting the load resistance to increase the operational bandwidth of the system for constrained and unconstrained applications are studied. Finally, a ball screw based prototype is manufactured and the experimental results of its testing are presented which confirm the validity of the design and the derived dynamic equations of the system.
Supervisor: Sharkh, Suleiman Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery