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Title: Retention and retreat : complementary participles and infinitives with verbs of perception and declaration in the Roman and Byzantine documentary papyri
Author: James, Patrick
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2008
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This thesis documents and analyses the contribution of the Roman and Byzantine documentary papyri (c. 31 BCE to c. 735 CE) to our understanding of complementation in Koine Greek. It focuses on the use of participles and infinitives with verbs of perception and cognition and with verbs of declaration. It is based on an examination of approximately 9500 documents. The approach is sociolinguistic. Previous studies of the Koine have shown the increased use of finite clauses and the retreat, but not extinction, of the complementary participle and infinitive. The participle, infinitive, and finite clause were available as options. The choice between them is examined from three angles: the registers, the varieties, and text types in which they are found. The questions addressed may be summarised under two headings. First, at what levels and in what varieties of the language were the complementary participle and the infinitive retained? What limitations on their use can be identified? Second, was it the complementary participle or the infinitive that survived more strongly in those levels of the language in the Roman and early Byzantine periods? What caused the difference, if there was one? The thesis is divided into three parts. The first examines the complementation of verbs of perception. The focus here is the high degree of retention of the complementary participle across the range of text types and levels of the language. The second is a treatment of the verbs of declaration. It concentrates on what the largely formulaic use of infinitival complements shows about the infinitive in relation to finite clauses. The third studies the complementation of personal and impersonal verbs of declaration and confirms that the infinitive was retained relatively weakly as a complement in the language of the papyri.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral