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Title: Physics and technology of small Josephson junctions
Author: Schmidlin, Simon
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: Royal Holloway, University of London
Date of Award: 2013
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The recent interest in developing highly controllable quantum bits (qubits) based on superconducting circuits makes it necessary to get a deeper understanding of the physics of small Josephson junctions. Such devices have to be wisely engineered and well isolated from the noisy environment to observe non-classical physics. In this thesis, a real-time noise analysis was implemented by an autocorrelation calculation to identify the type of environmental effects affecting a superconducting circuit. This was used during switching current measurements of small Josephson junctions to track the effects of unwanted signals and identify their frequency components. The temperature dependence of the switching current distribution was used to further characterise the small Josephson junctions. Furthermore the fabrication of smal1 Josephson junctions is further developed by analysing the reliability and reproducibility of them. A systematic approach is shown to solve typical fabrication problems for example identifying and reducing mechanical stress between resist layers. As Josephson junctions show quantum mechanical effects on a macroscopic scale they are used in a wide range of applications especially in superconducting circuits.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available