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Title: Respiratory outcome, executive function and health related quality of life of adult survivors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Author: Gough, Aisling
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2013
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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common form of chronic lung disease in infancy and a major complication in mechanically ventilated premature babies. It has a mortality of up to 40% and develops in 20% of premature infants born weighing under 1500g. With increased survival of extremely premature infants, the incidence of BPD will remain high. Although those who survive are considered 'miracles' of medical technology, current evidence suggests they suffer significant health problems throughout childhood and adolescence. However, almost nothing is known about those reaching adulthood. This was a cross-sectional study of adult survivors of BPD (n=72) cared for in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast (January 1979 to April 1993). Two reference groups cared for in the same hospital were also included; adults born preterm who did not develop BPD (n=58) and adults born at term with normal birth weights (n=78). Results show that BPD adults were significantly more likely to report respiratory symptoms (wheeze and shortness of breath), use asthma medication and have pulmonary impairment, particularly, reduced FEV1 and mid-expiratory flow rates (FEF2S•7S ) compared with both the non-BPD and term controls. Significantly more BPD adults had deficits in executive functioning related to problem solving and organisation of their environment. Adult survivors of BPD utilise more health and ~ .... social care services, report significantly reduced HRQol and greater social dysfunction compared with controls. The studies described in this thesis suggest significant health impairment associated with BPD exists beyond the neonatal period and into adulthood and is not confined to the respiratory system. The longitudinal follow up of larger cohorts of these infants throughout adulthood is required in order to improve understanding and raise awareness of long term health sequelae and identify more effective treatment strategies.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available