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Title: Development of a marine protected area system for Antarctica
Author: Grant, Susanna Margaret
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2006
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Part I of the thesis reviews and analyses the existing legal and administrative frameworks that provide for the establishment of MPAs in Antarctica, including the application of international conservation agreements (Chapter 2) and the function of Antarctic Treaty System instruments (Chapters 3 and 4) within this unique political situation. Three case studies presented in Part II of the thesis explore specific aspects of the shortcomings identified in Part I, and suggest ways in which the new tools and procedures proposed by this thesis could be applied in practice. In chapter 5, data obtained from the Southern Ocean Mollusc Database (SOMBASE) are used to investigate patterns of diversity in the Antarctic Peninsula region at different spatial scales, and the potential for the use of such data in MPA selection. These data have limited use in the selection of a representative series of MPAs because of their patchy distribution and low sample numbers; however some coarse patterns are present. In Chapter 6, field observations made at King George Island are used to evaluate existing strategies to manage localised human pressures, resulting in the recommendation of new protection and management systems for this area. In Chapter 7, options for large-scale ecosystem protection and fisheries management in the Ross Sea are proposed, using a combination of the tools and procedures defined in the preceding chapters. The thesis concludes that the Commission for the conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) has the greatest competence and legal authority to establish MPAs, but that closer interaction with other Antarctic Treaty instruments and external agreements is necessary for this to be achieved.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral