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Title: Thermomechanical properties of highly porous, fire-resistant materials
Author: Goodall, R.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2004
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A combination of low density and good heat resistance is desirable for many applications. Porosity is used to develop low density, and high porosity materials are frequently associated with low thermal conductivity. Materials that display this property, coupled with heat resistance, may be useful for thermal applications. Porous materials can exhibit several different structural types. In this work the structures that can be formed from fire resistant materials to reduce the density are considered as three different types. The first structure is represented by a recently-developed composite material, which was created by TWI, Abington, Cambridge, and has been given the trade name Barrikade™. This material combines granules of an expandable natural mineral, vermiculite, with a sodium silicate binder, to produce an inexpensive material with high porosity and heat resistance. The structure of this material is that of a coarse agglomerate of particles, with much of the porosity being incorporated in the interparticle spaces. Possible applications are wide ranging, including the core material in domestic or marine fire doors, and as a low cost lagging material for industrial furnaces. A second structural type that is that of a fibre mat. An array of fibres, bonded at points or held together solely by friction and surface forces of the fibres, may include high levels of porosity in the spaces between fibres. Materials with this structure are made from melt spun mineral fibres, and exhibit a high degree of heat resistance. The example of these materials studied herein is Rockwool®, often used for building insulation purposes. The third structural type considered here is often used where low density is required; a foam. Foamed structures can have many attractive properties, but the fire resistance of the foams considered here, closed cell aluminium foams, has been frequently predicted to be favourable, without being demonstrated in controlled tests. Where the material properties are not already known, the microstructure, mechanical performance, fire and temperature resistance, creep behaviour and thermal conduction and expansion characteristics of the materials have been determined. The aim of the work is the assessment and ranking of the materials’ suitability for different applications, and determination of the critical aspects for the design of such systems.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available