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Title: Pits, settlement and deposition during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in East Anglia
Author: Garrow, D. J.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2005
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The fundamental aim of this piece of research is to consider pit sites in substantial detail in order to answer such questions. In doing so, a number of other important issues are confronted, including the nature of settlement/landscape occupation, and the role of deposition as a practice. In East Anglia, Neolithic and Early Bronze Age pits have been found in particularly large numbers. At the same time, in comparison to other regions, relatively few monuments are known (during the Neolithic at least). The region is, therefore, a particularly appropriate place in which to investigate sites of this kind: the range of evidence is broad and of a high quality, while pits were arguably an even more important feature of the period here than elsewhere. The study operates at several different scales, ranging from the region to the individual feature. At the broadest level, changes through time in terms of the number of pits in each site, the overall number of sites, and their geographical locations are discussed. The patterns observed are then contextualised in relation to other aspects of the contemporary landscape (monuments, artefact scatters, structures, flint mines, etc.), allowing insight into the kinds of place in which pits were dug. At a more detailed level, the changing character of the sites themselves is discussed, over the course of four chapters (Earlier Neolithic, Peterborough Ware, Grooved Ware and Beaker). Within each phase, ten sites are considered in detail, with issues such as the spatial and material relationships between pits on each site, the character of individual pits, and the way in which artefacts had been deposited, being addressed. Subsequently, one of the ten sites within each chapter is explored in further detail, as a Case Study. Through first-hand analysis of the artefactual evidence and site archive, the intricate dynamics of deposition on those sites are investigated. Looking in particular at what had happened to artefacts prior to deposition, the quantities of material involved, and what connections between pits can tell us about the processes behind each site’s formation, issues such as the longevity of occupation, the scales of residence, and the permanency of settlement are explored. The final chapter situates this discussion of the dynamic and changing aspects of pit sites in its much wider context.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available