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Title: The role of self-monitoring in increasing physical activity
Author: Fair, A. K. I.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2011
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The aim of this dissertation is to investigate the effect of self-monitoring in increasing physical activity. A secondary aim is to identify ways to optimise its efficacy by exploring the mechanisms through which self-monitoring works. A systematic review was conducted to establish the current state of the literature on self-monitoring of physical activity and to generate hypotheses that could be tested in empirical studies. Two randomised controlled trials were conducted (Study 1, n = 77; study 2, n = 55). Both tested whether self-monitoring using a diary would lead to an increase in walking among inactive adults. The addition to self-monitoring of goal assignment in study 1 and goal setting in study 2 was also investigated. In study 1 the role of accurate self-monitoring and the effect of self-monitoring on awareness of walking behaviour were examined. The role of adherent self-monitoring was investigated in both study 1 and 2. Self-monitoring, with or without goals, did not show an effect on walking in either study. However there was an effect of time in both studies with walking significantly increasing between baseline and follow-up. A pooled data analysis, using participants from both studies, was carried out to test selected study hypotheses on a larger sample and found similar results. Semi-structured interviews were carried out on a sub-sample of participants who had completed study 2. This was to investigate participants’ experiences of self-monitoring and to illuminate the findings from studies 1 and 2. Findings are discussed in terms of their contribution to the current literature on physical activity behaviour change and their implications for future research.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available