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Title: Four essays on the development of international intellectual property protection in developing countries
Author: Escobar, B. D. L. Á.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2010
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The dissertation consists of four essays on the development and effects in developing countries of international protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs). The first essay critically reviews the literature on rationales for and against IPR institutions. Several theoretical and empirical considerations provide increasing grounds for doubting the welfare gains for developing countries of increasing IPR protection. The second essay examines the patterns and driving forces of international IPR protection since the enactment of the Paris and Berne Conventions. Over 2,800 country-level decisions were considered within a 120 year period and 68 Treaties. The analysis shows that IPR protection has been historically positively related to the level of economic development of countries, confirming literature reports. Such evolutionary tend is disrupted with current IPR harmonisation. The third essay analyses industrial property protection provisions of 17 post WTO-TRIPs US bilateral trade agreements with smaller and mostly “South” countries undertaken in the 2000s. The analysis reveals significant heterogeneity on extent of protection reached by different bilateral trade partners. The fourth essay examines the determinants of IPR protection reached bilaterally between the US and small south countries during the 2000s. A political economy model of a North-South bilateral joint negotiation of market access and IPRs rules is developed, in which governments’ decisions are driven by their preferences, and the possibility of facing costs inflicted by stakeholders. The model is tested using data developed in the third essay. After controlling for countries’ IPR preferences, the data supports the model’s predictions; South countries that enable organised and non-organised stakeholders to inflict costs on governments when policies deviate from their preferences have been able to resist North (US) demands regarding IPR protection more successfully.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available