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Title: Applications of local asymptotic normality in quantum information theory
Author: Bowles, Peter
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2012
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Quantum mechanics is the fundamental theory of the microscopic world. It is now over a century since Planck's first insights led to it eventually replacing the classical worldview consisting of Newtonian mechanics, Maxwell's electromagnetism and statistical mechanics. In contrast to the determinism of classical mechanics, quantum mechanics is intrinsically probabilistic, showing that randomness is an innate feature of reality. Until the 1960s this randomness was not directly observable. Experiments were performed on huge ensembles of particles and the probabilities one would observe were the frequencies of different outcomes. But thanks to technological advances. individual quantum systems can now be prepared, manipulated and measured with a high degree of control. The fundamental motivation for manipulating individual systems is that quantum mechanics offers the promise of completely new technologies which utilise quantum effects to achieve superior performance in comparison to classical methods. Such advances have led to the birth of a new field of study known as Quantum Information Science, a synthesis of quantum mechanics and the classical disciplines of information theory, computation, control theory, probability and statistics.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available