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Title: Applications of random graphs to 2D quantum gravity
Author: Atkin, Max R.
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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The central topic of this thesis is two dimensional Quantum Gravity and its properties. The term Quantum Gravity itself is ambiguous as there are many proposals for its correct formulation and none of them have been verified experimentally. In this thesis we consider a number of closely related approaches to two dimensional quantum gravity that share the property that they may be formulated in terms of random graphs. In one such approach known as Causal Dynamical Triangulations, numerical computations suggest an interesting phenomenon in which the effective spacetime dimension is reduced in t he UV. In this thesis we first address whether such a dynamical reduction in the number of dimensions may be understood in a simplified model. vVe introduce a continuum limit where t his simplified model exhibits a reduction in the effective dimension of spacetime in the UV, in addition to having rich cross-over behaviour. In the second part of this thesis we consider an approach closely related to causal dynamical triangu lation; namely dynamical triangulation. Although this theory is less well-behaved than causal dynamical triangulation) it is known how to couple it to matter) t herefore allowing for potentially multiple boundary states to appear in the theory. We address t he conjecture of Seiberg and Shih which states that all these boundary states are degenerate and may be constructed from a single principal boundary state. By use of the random graph formulation of the theory we compute the higher genus amplitudes with a single boundary and find that they violate the Seiberg-Shih conjecture. Finally we discuss whether this result prevents the replacement of boundary states by local operators as proposed by Seiberg.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available