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Title: Recipient health in response to welfare reform, Ontario 1994-1999
Author: Corbett, L. E.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2009
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Increasing attention is being paid to the common ground uniting income inequalities and health status by gauging how societal structures influence population health. Yet within this nascent literature, more work must be done to study the association between welfare policy and recipient health. To redress this lacuna, the introduction of the welfare reform initiative ‘Ontario Works’ in 1995 offered an apposite before-and-after scenario to gauge how neoliberal ideology affected welfare policy in Ontario. In turn, welfare benefit declines permitted an assessment of the effect that welfare state retrenchment had on recipient health. To achieve this end, Ontarians responding to the National Population Health Survey in 1994-1995 and 1998-1999 were assessed on self-reported health measures to determine whether diminishing welfare benefits predicted health declines. From the results it emerges that long-term welfare recipients reported significant health declines over the study interval, declines that proved particularly noteworthy given that the health status of welfare recipients was initially superior to that of the provincial sample. These findings may lend further credence to the assertion of welfare state apologists that state intervention ameliorates the health effects of wider neoliberal directives.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available