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Title: The history of diplomatic relations between the Republic of China on Taiwan and the European Community and its member states
Author: Chang, John Young Pei
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 1997
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This thesis is an historical survey of diplomatic relations between the ROC and the EC and its member states. It seeks to illuminate the neglected diplomatic history between them and to explain the often rocky relationship that has developed. When the EC 6 was established in 1958, the ROC, despite its status as one of the permanent members of the UN Security Council, maintained only consular relations with France, Italy, Belgium, and Luxembourg. The ROC was not capable of sustaining its unusual UN status, especially after the PRC became a nuclear power in 1963. France shifted its recognition of 'China' from Taipei to Peking in 1964 and further blocked the possibility of establishing formal EEC-ROC relations. After the Sino-Soviet rift in 1969, many Western countries began playing the 'China Card' in order to counter-balanced Soviet expansion. Italy for example recognized the PRC in 1970. American rapprochement with the PRC led to the expulsion of the ROC from the UN in 1971. Most of the EC members swiftly established diplomatic relations with the PRC, leaving the ROC as a pariah state. When the EC 6 was enlarged to become the EC 9 in 1973, only Ireland sustained relations with the ROC. But Taiwan's economic success has given it the means to retain informal relations with most EC member states - mainly by launching unorthodox diplomatic initiatives to build up economic, financial, commercial, cultural, and transportation links. By the time the EC 9 was enlarged to EC 10 in 1981, many EC countries had already set up their trade offices in Taipei. By 1986 when the EC 10 was enlarged to become the EC 12, ten member states had established informal relations with Taiwan.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available