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Title: The view from Grenada : disunity, invasion and vulnerability in the OECS, 1979-1988
Author: Benjamin, D. O.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 1997
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This thesis is an examination of external and domestic constraints to the capability of the small island state to prioritise and conduct its foreign policy in the Cold War international system, focusing on the English-speaking Caribbean and in particular, Grenada and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States. It offers the proposition that the foreign and security policy of the small island state has been influenced by the demands of economic and political survival, the legacy of colonialism, and has been constrained by great power rivalry. In examining the case of Grenada and the OECs, it offers the proposition that the small island state needs a regional political and economic framework for it to survive, maintain stability, and achieve political and economic progress. Such was missing when Grenada and OECs neighbours became independent in the 1970-1980 period, the Federation of the West Indies having already irreparably collapsed. This was one of the principal factors responsible for the breakdown of political stability in Grenada in 1970-1979, leading to the overthrow of a Government which had lost legitimacy through its abuse of the political system, yet was tolerated in CARICOM. The thesis finds that the Grenada revolution represented a challenge by a younger generation of political leaders who had become disillusioned by the excesses and abuses of power and government, including corruption, and ultimately with the Westminster model. The revolution also challenged United States hegemony in the region by charting an independent foreign policy, refusing to compromise principle in deference to US demands. Consequently, the US immediately moved to isolate Grenada, particularly its economy, the PRG having identified economic development as its main priority, and having initiated an aggressive foreign economic policy. American isolation of the PRG had three key effects: first, it influenced sources of bilateral and multilateral aid to deny the PEG; second, it pressured CARICOM and especially OECS members to declare a Cold War allegiance; and finally, it forced a schism between Grenada and its neighbours.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available