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Title: Militarisation, disarmament and defence industrial adjustment : the case of South Africa
Author: Batchelor, P.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 1997
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South Africa's transition to democracy, which started in 1989 and culminated with the holding of the country's first democratic elections in April 1994, was accompanied by a parallel process of demilitarisation, which involved dramatic cuts in defence spending and the implementation of various disarmament measures. Most of the cuts in defence spending were achieved through cuts in the procurement budget, and this led to the downsizing and restructuring of the domestic defence industry which had been built up in response to the 1977 United Nations arms embargo. As in other countries, there was an expectation that the defence cuts would result in a substantial 'peace dividend' and have a positive impact on the economy's performance. Unfortunately, the defence cuts were implemented during a severe domestic recession and by 1994 the 'peace dividend' had failed to materialise. This thesis examines the economic aspects of militarisation, disarmament and defence industrial adjustment using South Africa as a case study. The main conclusion of the thesis is that the adjustment problems associated with the downsizing of South Africa's defence industry may have been minimised by the implementation of microeconomic conversion strategies supported by appropriate government policies. The failure to implement microconversion strategies at the level of defence firms meant that many of the valuable resources (capital, labour, technology) which were previously located in the defence industry were either 'wasted' or lost through downsizing and other supply-side adjustment strategies. Thus, the negative microeconomic effects of disarmament exacerbated the macroeconomic effects of disarmament.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available