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Title: Land-use conflicts in Indian Protected Areas : the case of Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
Author: Bashir, S.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2000
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Indian Protected Area (PA) model through a case study of land-use conflicts in Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in southern India. India currently has only two types of PAs: national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. Conservation policy and law favour a protectionist approach which restricts many kinds of human activities in PAs. Wayanad Sanctuary covers 344 km2 and forms part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (5,520 km2). The Sanctuary is a dry season refuge for a major population of the endangered Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). However, there are numerous competing subsistence and commercial demands on the Sanctuary's resources from diverse stakeholders including, a large and socio-economically heterogeneous local human population, different sections of the Kerala State Government and the private sector. Wildlife depredations on human life and property are another major management problem. The study sought to understand the origin and nature of land-use conflicts in the Sanctuary and whether these could be resolved within the existing policy and legal framework. A variety of methods were used to achieve this goal. The history of land-use in the study area was examined through secondary sources. The current land-use patterns of different local communities, commercial interests and the government were studied mainly through a stratified random sample survey of 243 households, collection and analysis of unpublished government data and interviews with key informants from different stakeholder groups. Past and present government policy, legislation and management practices concerning the Sanctuary were also investigated. The study revealed important differences between communities in their reliance on the Sanctuary's resources, their experience of wildlife damage and their perceptions of the Sanctuary and of conservation generally. Additionally major inconsistencies between government policy and practice were identified. The dissertation concludes that the magnitude of commercial and subsistence land-uses is inconsistent with the Sanctuary's conservation objectives.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available