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Title: Influence of the text and language of the Old Testament on the Book of Revelation
Author: Ozanne, Gordon Ozanne
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 1964
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The intention of this thesis is to re-examine the influence of the text and language of the OT on the book of Rev. A re-examination is necessary because previous attempts have been sketchy and incomplete, because a variety of opinions have been advanced, and because no over-all explanation has been generally admitted. The thesis is divided into two parts, of which the first deals with the language of the Apoc. In this part the 'ungrammaticisms' of Rev are considered. Evidence is advanced that the only theory which is able to explain the author's unique literary style is that of conscious imitation of OT Hebrew. Other theories fail to meet the facts of the case. Thus the view of C.C. Torrey that the Apoc was translated from an Aramaic vorlage makes no allowance for the predominantly Hebrew character of the language. Again, R.B.Y. Scott's view that the book was translated from Hebrew does not account for the deliberate character of so many of the Hebraisms, nor for the fact that most of the rules broken are faithfully observed elsewhere in the book. Similarly, R.H. Charles' view that the author was writing in Greek, but thinking in Hebrew stumbles at the sarnefacts as doe s Scott's. The true explanation, that the author deliberately modelled his language on the pattern of OT Hebrew, was discerned by C.F. Burney amongst others. This theory is supported by every departure from correct grammatical and lexical usage to be found in the Apoc. In the second part of the thesis all the verbal allusions to the OT are examined and compared with the Greek versions. From this it is concluded that the author habitually used the original Hebrew {to the virtual exclusion of the LXX. In addition he occasionally cited the l'argums and other rabbinic sources. This conclusion agrees with that of A. Vanhoye from a study of the allusions to Ezekiel in Rev. The view of H.B. Swete that the author used the LXX exclusively is shown to be false. So also is that of R.H. Charles that he cited the LXX in addition to the Hebrew. Likewise, Charles' opinion that he made use of a pre-Theodotionic Greek text is unsupported by the evidence. Finally, the view of H.B. Swete and D.A. Schlatter is confirmed that the author made no verbal allusion to Jewish apocalyptic literature outside the OT.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available