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Title: Electron microscopy study of radiation damage in tungsten and alloys
Author: Yi, X.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5349 979X
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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The displacement damage induced by primary recoils of fusion neutrons in tungsten and alloys has been studied with self-ion irradiations, followed by damage characterization with electron microscopy. Tungsten and alloys (≤ 5 wt.% Re, Ta, V) were implanted with 2 MeV W+ ions over a dose range of 3.3×1017 - 2.5×1019 W+m-2 at temperatures ranging from 300 to 750°C. Dislocation loops of b = ½<111> (> 60%) and b = <100> were identified, and that ½<111> loops were found more thermally stable. Among loops that were large enough for nature determination, at least 50% were found to be of interstitial type, with larger fractions in high-temperature and high-dose conditions. The diameter of loops did not exceed 20 nm, with the majority being ≤ 5 nm. The loop number density varied between 1022 and 1023 m-3. The effects of ion dose, irradiation temperature, composition and grain orientation on damage microstructure were investigated. In-situ irradiations (150 keV W+ ions) were carried out as a complement to the bulk implantations. Qualitative trends in loop size, geometry and nature with irradiation dose and temperature were similar to bulk irradiated specimens. Also, the dynamics of defects and their effects on the damage evolution were explored. In-situ annealing of irradiated thin foils was performed to investigate the thermal stability of radiation damage in tungsten. The majority of microstructure transformations were completed within 15 min of annealing. However, extended durations did favour the increase of loop size and the fraction of ½<111> loops.
Supervisor: Roberts, Steve G.; Jenkins, Michael L. Sponsor: China Scholarship Council ; China Oxford Scholarship Fund ; EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Alloys ; Defect analysis ; Microscopy and microanalysis ; tungsten ; microscopy ; radiation damage