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Title: Connectivity and related properties for graph classes
Author: Weller, Kerstin B.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5349 9191
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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There has been much recent interest in random graphs sampled uniformly from the set of (labelled) graphs on n vertices in a suitably structured class A. An important and well-studied example of such a suitable structure is bridge-addability, introduced in 2005 by McDiarmid et al. in the course of studying random planar graphs. A class A is bridge-addable when the following holds: if we take any graph G in A and any pair u,v of vertices that are in different components in G, then the graph G′ obtained by adding the edge uv to G is also in A. It was shown that for a random graph sampled from a bridge-addable class, the probability that it is connected is always bounded away from 0, and the number of components is bounded above by a Poisson law. What happens if ’bridge-addable’ is replaced by something weaker? In this thesis, this question is explored in several different directions. After an introductory chapter and a chapter on generating function methods presenting standard techniques as well as some new technical results needed later, we look at minor-closed, labelled classes of graphs. The excluded minors are always assumed to be connected, which is equivalent to the class A being decomposable - a graph is in A if and only if every component of the graph is in A. When A is minor-closed, decomposable and bridge-addable various properties are known (McDiarmid 2010), generalizing results for planar graphs. A minor-closed class is decomposable and bridge-addable if and only if all excluded minors are 2-connected. Chapter 3 presents a series of examples where the excluded minors are not 2-connected, analysed using generating functions as well as techniques from graph theory. This is a step towards a classification of connectivity behaviour for minor-closed classes of graphs. In contrast to the bridge-addable case, different types of behaviours are observed. Chapter 4 deals with a new, more general vari- ant of bridge-addability related to edge-expander graphs. We will see that as long as we are allowed to introduce ’sufficiently many’ edges between components, the number of components of a random graph can still be bounded above by a Pois- son law. In this context, random forests in Kn,n are studied in detail. Chapter 5 takes a different approach, and studies the class of labelled forests where some vertices belong to a specified stable set. A weighting parameter y for the vertices belonging to the stable set is introduced, and a graph is sampled with probability proportional to y*s where s is the size of its stable set. The behaviour of this class is studied for y tending to ∞. Chapters 6 concerns random graphs sampled from general decomposable classes. We investigate the minimum size of a component, in both the labelled and the unlabelled case.
Supervisor: McDiarmid, Colin Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Combinatorics ; Graph Theory ; Analytic Combinatorics