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Title: The dissemination of the Middle English Psalter
Author: Thorn, Nicholas
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 1996
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This thesis examines the Middle English vernacular psalm-versions, and considers their social context. It examines the uses to which vernacular psalm-texts were put, ranging from that of orthodox affective piety to 'popular' folk-religion. Twenty-five texts are discussed, some previously ignored; four such psalm-texts are presented in the Appendices. A further five pseudo-abbreviated psal ter~, which recommend the non-liturgical use of psalms by the laity, are also transcribed here. The relationship between the English and Latin in the texts is re-examined. Whereas it has been argued that the English in such texts was usually subsidiary to the Latin, this thesis demonstrates that many English versions were designed to be read without recourse to the Vulgate. These translations of the Psalms provided the laity with their own vernacular liturgy which they used both privately and during formal acts of worship. The rise of the free-verse psalm-paraphrase in the late-fourteenth century led to specifically Christological interpretations, a process which was reinforced when biblical translation was banned in the early-fifteenth century. The development of prose abbreviations has previously been ignored; their range and popularity are explored here for the first time.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available