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Title: The role of aquaporin-4 in subarachnoid haemorrhage
Author: Tait, Matthew James
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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Introduction. The glial cell water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4) plays an important ro le in brain oedema, astrocyte migration and neuronal excitability. Current theories of AQP4 function are based largely on experiments using AQP4 -1- mice. These mice have only been partially characterized. I therefore undertook a detailed investigation of baseline brain properties in AQP4 -1- mice. In the second part of my experiments I investigated the role of AQP4 in brain oedema in a mouse model of subarachnoid haemorrhage. Method. Gross anatomical measurements included estimates of brain and ventricle size. Neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes were assessed using the neuronal nuclear marker NeuN, the astrocyte marker GFAP, and the myelin stain Luxol Fast Blue. The blood brain barrier was studied by electron microscopy and the horseradish peroxidase extravasation technique. A mouse model in which 30~1 of autologous blood was injected into the basal cisterns was used to reproduce subarachnoid haemorrhage. Brain water content, intracranial pressure and neurological score were compared in wildtype and AQP4 -/- mice. I also measured blood brain barrier permeability and the osmotic permeability of the glia lim itans, one of the routes of oedema elimination.
Supervisor: Papadopoulos, Marios Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medical sciences ; Surgery ; Neurosciences ; Stroke ; Aquaporin-4 ; subarachnoid haemorrhage ; cerebral oedema