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Title: Mathematical modelling and simulation of biofuel cells
Author: Osman, Mohamad Hussein
ISNI:       0000 0004 5349 2694
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2013
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Bio-fuel cells are driven by diverse and abundant bio-fuels and biological catalysts. The production/consumption cycle of bio-fuels is considered to be carbon neutral and, in principle, more sustainable than that of conventional fuel cells. The cost benefits over traditional precious-metal catalysts, and the mild operating conditions represent further advantages. It is important that mathematical models are developed to reduce the burden on laboratory based testing and accelerate the development of practical systems. In this study, recent key developments in bio-fuel cell technology are reviewed and two different approaches to modelling biofuel cells are presented, a detailed physics-based approach, and a data-driven regression model. The current scientific and engineering challenges involved in developing practical bio-fuel cell systems are described, particularly in relation to a fundamental understanding of the reaction environment, the performance and stability requirements, modularity and scalability. New materials and methods for the immobilization of enzymes and mediators on electrodes are examined, in relation to performance characteristics and stability. Fuels, mediators and enzymes used (anode and cathode), as well as the cell configurations employed are discussed. New developments in microbial fuel cell technologies are reviewed in the context of fuel sources, electron transfer mechanisms, anode materials and enhanced O2 reduction. Multi-dimensional steady-state and dynamic models of two enzymatic glucose/air fuel cells are presented. Detailed mass and charge balances are combined with a model for the reaction mechanism in the electrodes. The models are validated against experimental results. The dynamic performance under different cell voltages is simulated and the evolution of the system is described. Parametric studies are performed to investigate the effect of various operating conditions. A data-driven model, based on a reduced-basis form of Gaussian process regression, is also presented and tested. The improved computational efficiency of data-driven models makes them better candidates for modelling large complex systems.
Supervisor: Wills, Richard Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA Mathematics ; QH301 Biology ; TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering