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Title: Decentralised coordination of smart distribution networks using message passing
Author: Miller, Sam
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2014
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Over the coming years, distribution network operators (DNOs) face the challenge of incorporating an increased number of electrical distributed generators (DGs) into their already capacity-constrained distribution networks. To overcome this challenge will require the DNOs to use active network management techniques, which are already prevalent in the transmission network, in order to constantly monitor and coordinate these generators, whilst ensuring that the bidirectional flows they engender on the network are safe. Therefore, this thesis presents novel decentralised message passing algorithms that coordinate generators in acyclic electricity distribution networks, such that the costs (in terms of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions) of the entire network are minimised; a technique commonly referred to as optimal dispatch. In more detail, we cast the optimal dispatch problem as a decentralised agent-based coordination problem and formalise it as a distributed constraint optimisation problem (DCOP). We show how this DCOP can be decomposed as a factor graph and solved in a decentralised manner using algorithms based on the generalised distributive law; in particular the max-sum algorithm. We go on to show that max-sum applied naively in this setting performs a large number of redundant computations. To address this issue, we present both a discrete and a continuous novel decentralised message passing algorithm that outperforms max-sum by pruning much of the search space. Our discrete version is applicable to network settings that are entirely composed of discrete generators (such as wind turbines or solar panels), and when the constraints of the electricity network have been discretised. Our continuous version can be applied to a wider range of network settings containing multiple types of generators, without the need to discretise the electricity distribution network constraints. We empirically evaluate our algorithms, using two large real electricity distribution network topologies, and show that they outperform max-sum (in terms of computational time and total size of messages sent).
Supervisor: Ramchurn, Sarvapali ; Rogers, Alexander Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science