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Title: Distributed relay selection aided cooperative medium access control
Author: Feng, Jiao
ISNI:       0000 0004 5349 0330
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2014
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A variety of cooperative medium access control (MAC) schemes are designed for the sake of improving the achievable transmit rate and for reducing the transmit energy dissipation of cooperative communication systems relying on realistic greedy - rather than altruistic - relay nodes (RNs). Based on the system’s objective functions (OF), novel distributed relay selection schemes are developed for selecting the best relay node (RN) set. In order to investigate the effect of the proposed MAC schemes on the performance of the cooperative communication systems considered, the system’s stability is analysed with the aid of queueing theory. Specifically, we first consider a cooperative spectrum leasing system (CSLS) supporting a licensed source node (SN) and a licensed destination node (DN) as well as multiple unlicensed greedy RNs, which require rewards for providing cooperative transmission assistance. A ’win-win’ (WW) cooperative framework (WWCF) is formulated for sake of improving the achievable transmit rate and for simulanteously minimizing the energy dissipation of the co- operative spectrum leasing system considered. Based on the proposed WWCF, the licensed SN intends to lease part of its spectrum to the unlicensed RNs in exchange for cooperative support, leading to an improved transmit rate, while simultaneously reducing the transmit power. The unlicensed RNs also have an incentive to provide cooperative transmission assistance for the SN, since in exchange for relaying assistance they are allowed to access the licensed spectrum for transmitting their own data, and even to maintain their own target Quality of Service (QoS). Furthermore, a distributed WW cooperative MAC protocol is developed for implementing the proposed WWCF by designing a specific signalling procedure and the format of both the data frame control messages as well as a distributed relay selection scheme. More explicitly, a novel backoff algorithm is designed for distributively selecting the best RN in order to optimize the system’s OF formulated by our WWCF. Our simulation results demonstrated that both substantial rate improvements and considerable energy savings are achieved by implementing the proposed distributed WW cooperative MAC protocol. However, encountering a low service rate at the MAC layer may excessively increase the length of queue in the buffer storing the incoming packet. Hence, the queueing system may become unstable due to the low service rate limited by an inferior MAC protocol design. Hence we conceived a queueing model for our cooperative spectrum leasing system relying on the proposed distributed WW cooperative MAC protocol. In order to simplify the stability analysis, some idealized simplifying assumptions are invoked and a non-Markovian analysis method is used for investigating the transmission probability of each node and for deriving the average departure rates at both the SN and the RNs operating under the control of the proposed distributed WW cooperative MAC protocol. Our simulation results confirmed that an increased stable throughput is provided by the proposed distributed WW cooperative MAC protocol for both the SN and RNs compared to the benchmark schemes. As an improved extension of the proposed WWCF, a WW reciprocal-selection-based framework (WWRSF) is formulated for a cooperative spectrum leasing system hosting multiple licensed transmission pairs and multiple unlicensed transmission pairs. The SN of a licensed pair of nodes is referred as the primary transmitter (PT), while the SN of an unlicensed transmission pair is termed as the secondary transmitter (ST). Based on the proposed WWRSF, the PT intends to lease its spectral resources to an appropriate secondary transmitter (ST) in exchange for cooperative transmission assistance for the sake of minimizing its transmit power and simultaneously satisfying its transmit rate requirement. The ST has an incentive to collaborate with the best PT for the sake of minimizing the ST’s transmit power under the constraint of its QoS requirement, whilst simultaneously winning a transmission opportunity for its own traffic. Based on the OFs of the proposed WWRSF, a distributed WW reciprocal-selection-based medium access scheme (DWWRS-MAS) is designed, which is capable of producing the best cooperative pairs set for the sake of reducing the transmit power of both the PT and of the ST in each cooperative pair, whilst simultaneously satisfying their transmit rate requirements. This is achieved with the aid of the proposed distributed reciprocal selection between the active PTs and STs, which have the capability of providing successful cooperative transmission assistance. Moreover, we analyse both the queueing stability and the algorithmic stability of our cooperative spectrum leasing system exploiting our DWWRS-MAS. In comparison to the benchmark schemes considered in the literature, the proposed DWWRS-MAS is capable of achieving a performance, which is comparable to that of the optimal schemes in terms of the system’s transmit power and system’s achievable transmit rate.
Supervisor: Hanzo, Lajos Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering