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Title: Early settlements, irrigation and trade routes in Peshawar Plain, Pakistan
Author: Ali, I.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2000
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The thesis is divided into six chapters. The First Chapter highlights the general geographical and historical background with reference to the previous archaeological research in the area. Methods of the field surveys involved in our research and the general perspective of the archaeological settlement pattern studies are other features of this chapter. Chapter Two briefly explains the physiography, river system, climate, temperature ranges, soil, agriculture, traditional irrigation system and the trade routes in the Peshawar Plain with some observations on the ancient environment of the area. Chapter Three offers an introduction to the historical framework of the Peshawar plain, discussing some aspects of its political, economic, religious and cultural history. Chapter Four presents an introduction to the 67 pottery types, which have served as our chronological markers. The description of 191 selected potsherds illustrated in our Figures has been put in to Appendix 1, Volume II. This chapter also discusses other major chronological markers insofar as they have been available to us on the surface of our sites. In Chapter Five we have discussed the basic settlement pattern evidence of all the sites and their connection with possible old routes and irrigation system. This enables us to compare the relative significance of irrigation and routes as the factors behind the location of settlements in our study area. Our detailed sites listing and descriptions have been attached to this work in the form of Appendix 3. We have also taken into consideration the sizes of sites, some areas of site concentrations and the Buddhist religious sites in this analysis. In Chapter Six we have tried to put our survey of the wider context of Pakistan Archaeology. Further, we have tried to assess its role in expanding the available historical knowledge regarding the Peshawar Plain. Finally, we have discussed a few salient aspects of future research in the archaeology of the area.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available