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Title: Development of a novel intracortical electrode for chronic neural recordings
Author: Sohal, Harbaljit
Awarding Body: University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2013
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Micromotion, attributable to the modulus mismatch between the brain and electrode materials, is a fundamental phenomenon contributing to electrode failure for invasive Brain-Machine Interfaces. Spike recording quality from conventional chronic electrode designs deteriorates over the weeks/months post-implantation, in terms of signal amplitude and single unit stability, due to glial cell activation by sustained mechanical trauma. Conventional electrode designs consist of a rigid straight shaft and sharp tip, which can augment mechanical trauma sustained due to micromotion. The sinusoidal probe has been fabricated to reduce micromotion related mechanical trauma. The electrode is microfabricated from flexible materials and has design measures such as a sinusoidal shaft, spheroid tip and a 3D polyimide ball anchor to restrict electrode movement relative to the surrounding brain tissue, thus theoretically minimising micromotion. The electrode was compared to standard microwire electrodes and was shown to have more stable chronic recordings in terms of SNR and LFP power. A longer chronic recording period was achieved with the sinusoidal probe for the first generation. Quantitative histology detecting microglia and astrocytes showed reduced neuronal tissue damage especially for the tip region between 6-24 months chronic indwelling period for the sinusoidal probe. This may be linked to the more stable chronic recordings. This is the first demonstration that electrode designs wholly incorporating micromotion- reducing measures may decrease the magnitude of gliosis, with possible chronic recording longevity enhancement.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available