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Title: Changes in social characteristics of former council estates in the City of Canterbury since the introduction of the Right to Buy legislation
Author: Xie, Aijie
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2012
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The aim of this thesis is to explore changes in social characteristics of former council estates in tbe City of Canterbury, since tbe introduction of the Right to Buy legislation. Researcb on social changes related to the Right to Buy has centred on a series of issues, however, a complete account of the evolution of social characteristics in former council housing areas seems not to have been explored in the literature. For this reason, the thesis intends to trace social cbanges that bave taken place in fonner council estates, and to examine the cbanges against the issues discussed in the literarure. Data has been collected from the 1981, 1991 and 2001 UK censuses, which delineate the social characteristics in former council estates before the changes (1981), during the changes ( 1991) and after the changes (2001). Fifty-one social indicators have been developed to represent the social characteristics being examined. Three data matrices, one for each census,have been constructed to study social change. Multivariate analysis has been applied to the data. First of all, Principal Components Analysis (PCA) was performed to study the dimensionality of the data, which generated consistent results over the three data matrices. Secondly, Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) has been applied to study the similarities berween areas in each data matrix. Property Fitting '(PrOFit) has been used to interpret the MDS configurations, and to help identify former council housing areas. Lastly and most importantly, Three-way Multidimensional Scaling has been adopted to study social change. The model used is INDSCAL by Carroll and Chang (1970), which generates a conunon space where the structure of social indicators remains constant. Areas have been represented into the common space by ProFit, in order to reveal the trend of social change over time. The results show that the changes in social characteristics of these former council housing areas are in line with the social changes discussed in the literature, i.e. the sale of council houses has resulted in the residualisation of tbe council housing sector, the growtb of borne ownership, social mix within former council estates, and gentri fication-induced displacemem. Keywords: council housing, the Right to Buy, social change, multivariate analysis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available