Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: In town and out of town : a social history of Huambo (Angola), 1902-1961
Author: Neto, Maria da Conceição
Awarding Body: SOAS, University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2012
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
This thesis is a history of the Angolan city of Huambo from 1902 to 1961. It is about social change, focusing mainly on people excluded from citizenship by Portuguese colonial laws: the so-called 'natives', whose activities greatly shaped the economic and social life of the city and changed their own lives in the process. Their experiences in coping with and responding to the economic, social and political constraints of the colonial situation were reconstructed from archival documents, newspapers and bibliographical sources, complemented by a few interviews. The early twentieth century witnessed far-reaching events in the central highlands of Angola, where Governor Norton de Matos founded the city of Huambo in 1912: the conquest of the Wambu kingdom, the advance of Christian missions, the Portuguese policy of white settlement and the construction of the Benguela Railway heading towards the Belgian Congo. These processes together made Huambo an important trading, administrative and religious centre. Rural-urban interactions are central to this research, since the economy relied almost entirely on peasant production. Trade and transportation were the main activities of Portuguese settlers throughout the period, with only marginal investments in industry. Religion was another crucial factor in the social history of Huambo's (Angola's most Christianized district by 1960), so the articulation of Christianity, urbanization and social change is analysed, with a focus on the Catholic Missionaries of the Holy Ghost. Renamed Nova Lisboa in 1928, the city supposedly stood as an example of a 'European' town, although blacks living and working in and around it outnumbered whites. The intended racial segregation was never totally achieved: European petty merchants lived in the outskirts and people of all colours shared modest peripheral neighbourhoods. However, racial distinction was firmly established in Angola through the Native Statute, a legal barrier blocking the upward social mobility of non-whites except for a tiny minority able to secure 'citizenship' rights. The abolition of the statute in 1961 marked a new period in Angola's and in Huambo's colonial history, not covered by this research.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral