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Title: Foreign direct investment in Ghanaian manufacturing : exploring the extent of technology transfer and exporting behaviour by FDI firms
Author: Codjoe, Emmanuel Ashiedu
Awarding Body: SOAS, University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2012
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In the light of the growing literature on the benefits of FDI to host countries, many empirical studies have examined the spillover effects, especially productivity spillovers, to domestic firms arising from the presence of FDI in host countries. However, these studies tend to assume that FDI naturally results in the transfer of modern production technology and management expertise, which subsequently spillover to domestic firms via several mechanisms. However, this study challenges this general presumption that FDI naturally involves the transfer of modern technologies to host countries. The originality and contribution of this research is that it does not simply assume technology transfer via FDI but attempts to investigate if and how it takes place, thus filling a gap in the literature on FDI activities in Africa and Ghana in particular. Specifically, this study - which is an exploratory research - explores whether FDI activity in the Ghanaian manufacturing sector is associated with the transfer of technology within firms, and assesses the mechanism by and the extent to which this takes place. Furthermore, it investigates the exporting behaviour of FDI firms, and compares the exporting behaviour of FDI firms vis-à-vis domestic firms. The findings of this research suggest that not all FDI activity is associated with the transfer of technology. Where it occurs, technology transfer is more likely to involve product and process technology compared to skills and technological knowledge. The transfer of skills and technological knowledge via formal training is generally low among senior managers compared to production workers. Evidence also suggests that FDI firms are more exported-oriented than domestic firms, and that export-orientation among FDI firms is positively associated with firm size. The findings from this study thus provide another perspective on the impact of FDI on host developing countries and points to future policy changes aimed at harnessing the potential benefits from FDI, particularly technology transfer, spillovers, and exporting capacity, as well as the need to incorporate future FDI policy into an overall policy for national industrial development.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral