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Title: Analysis of the discourse on music of the Lüshi chunqiu mainly in comparison with the 'Yuelun' chapter of the Xunzi
Author: Jo, Jung Eun
Awarding Body: SOAS, University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2012
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This dissertation analyses the "Dayue", "Chiyue", "Shiyin", "Guyue", "Yinlü" and "Yinchu" chapters of the Lüshi chunqiu mainly in comparison with the "Yuelun" chapter of the Xunzi. This comparative analysis aims to clarify the viewpoints on music of the Lüshi chunqiu by contrasting them with those of the "Yuelun", while suggesting possible reasons for their diverging viewpoints as well as contributory factors behind the rise of musical discourse in around the third century BCE. At this time, a recognition of the inherent tendency to enjoy music and of the resonance between music and qi resulted in music becoming a subject of special attention. The Lüshi chunqiu argues for the indispensability of music based on the inherent desire for music while criticizing extravagant music on the ground that it harms life. Musical sound was believed to affect the flow of qi in the natural world, and the Lüshi chunqiu reinforces this belief by addressing the cosmic harmony of music. Despite its recognition of the desire for music, the "Yuelun" mainly perceives music as a tool for edification rather than an object of desire. It argues for the edifying effect of music while suggesting resonance between music and qi in the body, and with this strong ethical implication, musical harmony is closely related to its function to achieve social harmony. The Lüshi chunqiu mainly sees music as currents of air that serve as a sensory stimulus or as a medium for affecting qi. In both cases, music enhances what belongs to Heaven: it nurtures life by providing pleasure or promotes natural harmony by resonating with qi. The emphasis on the physical property of music and its contribution to intrinsic qualities can be suggested as the central idea on music of the Lüshi chunqiu, contrasted with the "Yuelun" that discusses music with moral concerns.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral