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Title: Organisational lobbying activities at the EU: An exploratory analysis of the energy and power generation sector
Author: Kennedy , Robert Charles
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2012
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As a result of the growth of the EU over the years, not only in its physical size and country membership but also in terms of its legislative power, there has been a need for organisations to address the manner in which they represent themselves and their interests at the EU level. For some time now, it has not been possible for large organisations from various industries to simply engage via their home national administrations with the institutions of the EU in terms of seeking to influence the legislation that is now being produced by these supranational bodies. In parallel, the nature and scope of the legislative agenda of the EU has also grown, which has made the EU legislative environment of interest for organisations in terms of both their market and nonmarket environment The growing ability for the EU to influence the setting in which organisations operate and thus have an effect on the overall competitiveness within the business context, of not only individual organisations but industries too, meant that organisations have become more interested in engaging with the EU institutions. The form this engagement takes is via lobbying activities towards the various institutions. This thesis first seeks to explore the aspects of lobbying activities at the EU level for actors from the Energy & Power Generation Sector. It consequently looks at the dynamics between the representation for industry actors via associations or federations, national or international, over more individualistic efforts. In doing so, the strategic aspects to lobbying activities are also explored in terms of the Resource Based View of the firm. In order to address these issues the industry selection is first justified and then a qualitative foundation is laid, this is in terms of seeking primary data for the research via face-to-face interviews with appropriate interview targets. The primary data was ultimately collected from 26 high level face-to-face interviews with actors from the industry side as well as from with in the institutions as well. The findings of the thesis are that activities via associations and federations are very much subject to the consensus position that can be reached within them and the overall effectiveness for their members is subject to the position reached. However, in terms of interaction with the European Commission, associations and federations allow also for smaller actors to make contact in the drafting stage of legislation by the EC. Timing is also a significant issue in terms of the legislative process when it comes to effective lobbying activities towards the institutions. Moreover, the ability to lobby in a transversal manner is an ultimate goal. In terms of achieving this goal of transversal lobbying for industry based actors, this is only possible through the contribution of the appropriate resources and capabilities. If these resources and capabilities are already present and configured in a particular way, then undertaking lobbying in a transversal manner is achievable. In cases 3 " where they are not, then they either need to be sought so that lobbying activity can be increased in the non market environment or alternative routes need to be followed to interact with and lobby the institutions (such as an increased reliance on lobbying activities via associations or federations). 4
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available