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Title: Oral prednisolone for preschool children with acute virus-induced wheezing
Author: Panickar, Jayachandran
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 2012
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Background: Attacks of wheezing induced by upper respiratory viral infections are common in preschool children between the ages of 10 months and 6 years. Systematic review assessing the efficacy of various medications in the management of viral wheeze in this age group found no evidence for routine use of inhaled corticosteroids. A short course of oral prednisolone is widely used to treat preschool children with wheezing who present to a hospital, but there is conflicting evidence regarding its efficacy in this age group. Methods: We conducted a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing a 5 day course of oral prednisolone (10mg once a day for children 10 to 24 months of age and 20 mg once a day for older children) with placebo in 700 children between the ages of 10 months and 60 months. The children presented to three hospitals in England with an attack of wheezing associated with a viral infection; 687 children were included in the intention-to-treat analysis (343 in the prednisolone group and 344 in the placebo group). The primary outcome was the duration of hospitalisation. Secondary outcomes were the score on the Preschool Respiratory Assessment Measure, salbutamol use, and a 7-day symptom score. Results: There was no significant difference in the duration of hospitalisation between the placebo group and the prednisolone group (13.9 hours vs. 11.0 hours; ratio of geometric means, 0.90; 95% confidence interval, 0.77 to 1.05) or in the interval between hospital admission and signoff for discharge by a physician. In addition, there was no significant difference between the two study groups for any of the secondary outcomes or for the number of adverse events. Conclusion: In preschool children presenting to a hospital with mild-to-moderate wheezing associated with a viral infection, treatment with oral prednisolone was not superior to placebo. Our results suggest that oral prednisolone should not be routinely given to preschool children presenting to the hospital with acute, mild-to-moderate virus-induced wheezing.
Supervisor: Grigg, Jonathan Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available