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Title: The Davidic Messiah in Luke-Acts : the promise and its fulfilment in Lukan Christology
Author: Strauss, Mark L.
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 1992
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This work examines one theme within Luke's Old Testament christology, that of the coming king from the line of David. An examination of the first century context of meaning reveals that at the turn of the Christian era there was a widespread and relatively stable hope for a Davidic messiah within a broader context of eschatological diversity. The early Christian communities took up these expectations and applied them to Jesus, confessing him to be the Christ now 'raised up' in fulfilment of scripture. (chs. 1-2). An examination of the birth narrative and the speeches in Acts reveals that Luke shows a strong interest in this Davidic theme, introducing it into passages which are introductory and programmatic for his christology as a whole. Jesus is the promised messiah, who through his life, death, resurrection and exaltation-enthronement has fulfilled the promises to David. (chs. 3-4). Despite this strong royal-messianic presentation in the nativity and in Acts, Luke's programmatic Nazareth sermon portrays Jesus as the prophet-herald of Isaiah 61.1-2. This has caused many scholars to describe Luke's christology as essentially prophetic, rather than royal. The present work argues that a better solution lies in Luke's reading of Isaiah as a unity, where the eschatological deliverer is at the same time Davidic king (Isa 9,11), suffering servant of Yahweh (Isa 40-55), and prophet-herald (Isa 61). This synthesis not only fits Luke's christological portrait and strong interest in Isaiah, but it also explains why Luke presents Jesus' messianic task as an 'exodus' he is about to fulfil in Jerusalem (Lk 9.31). In Isaiah and other prophets, the coming Davidic king is often presented as the agent of the eschatological new exodus (cf. Isa 11.1-16). For Luke Jesus is the Davidic messiah who (like Moses) leads God's people on an eschatological new exodus through suffering as the servant of Yahweh. (chs 5-6).
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available