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Title: Laser cooling of quantum systems
Author: Cerrillo Moreno, Javier
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2013
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In this thesis novel methods for the laser cooling of quantum systems are presented. The use of quantum interference allows for the tailored cancelation of heating processes, so that an approximation to a cooling operator is possible that does not rely on the rotating wave approximation. This makes these schemes considerably faster and more efficient than existing ground state cooling methods, and allow for a significant relaxation of current experimental constraints. Several approaches are investigated in different systems. On the one hand, a special laser configuration, applicable to trapped ions, atoms or cantilevers, generates a double dark state that eliminates both the blue sideband and the carrier transition. As a consequence, vanishing phonon occupation up to first order in the perturbative expansion is achieved. Underlying this scheme is a combined action of two cooling schemes which makes the proposal very stable under parameter fluctuations. Its suitability as a cooling scheme for several ions in a trap or for a cloud of atoms in a dipole trap is shown. On the other hand, a pulsed cooling scheme for optomechanical systems is presented. It can be implemented for both strongly and weakly coupled optomechanical systems in both weakly and highly dissipative cavities. Its underlying mechanism is based on interferometric control of optomechanical interactions, and its efficiency is demonstrated with pulse sequences that are obtained by using methods from optimal control. Finally, it is shown how this pulsed method can be combined with continuous measurement to drive mechanical oscillators to highly squeezed steady states. Its mechanism relies on the modification of the dissipation and measurement terms, which drive the system towards a specific quadrature eigenstate. The scheme is robust to measurement inefficiencies and works also with highly dissipative cavities, which makes it accessible to implementation with state of the art technology.
Supervisor: Plenio, Martin Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral