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Title: Linguistic prediction in economics text.
Author: Tadros, Angele Aziz
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 1981
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This study sets out to investigate one aspect of the structuring of written discourse - that of Prediction. It attempts to establish a systematic way of handling this phenomenon. The corpus for this study is A Textbook of Economics (Hanson, J. L., 1953, 1972). It has been put to a mechanical sort, and the categories of Prediction that have been in the first instance isolated on intuitive grounds have been checked:'" against the computer. The thesis is in two volumes. Volume One presents the mai.n argument and the categories of Prediction. It consists of 10 chapters. Chapter One makes an extensive survey of the literature. It examines several important approahces to the description of language and tries to apply them to the analysis of a small sample of data in order to find out a proger perspective for approaching the analysis of discourse. Chapter Two examines theoretical requirements and argues for a systematic analytiC approach, following a model which is presented in detail. Chapters Three to Eight deal with categories of Prediction identifiec in the corpus. Each chapter investigates one category of Prediction and includes firstly a discussion·of the pre-theoretical state of the category concerned. This leads to the setting up of criteria for classi· fying the relevant data. Then a typology is established within the category and the structure of the units of discourse is described. Examples from the data are given, followed by comments. In Chapter Three it is demonstrated that an author can oblige himself to enumerate a list of items; some of the patterns are intuitive obvious, but some are more subtle. Chapter Four is hased on the notion of authorial involvement, and makes a distinction between acts of discol to which an author is committed and acts that are performed in the physical world outside the discourse, and to whose performance an author is not committed. In Chapter Five the notion of authorial involvement is developed further, but this time by examining acts of discourse which have already been performed and recapitulated by the author. Chapter Six argues that when an author of didactic prose detaches himself from the discourse by reporting others, he will at some point involve himself by ;presenting his own views. In Chapter Seven I show how the agthpr, in making hypothetical statements, must finish with a generalisation, and I also point out why this pattern is natural in didactic prose. Chapter Eight examines the phenomenon of the author's detachment from the resolution of the disjunction of propositions by posing a question and then involving himself in resolving the disjunction. In Chapter Nine I draw together the threads of the argument by showing how the various patterns combine together, and in Chapter Ten I conclude by pointing out that the argument is of general applicability. In the second volume there are appendices containing the complete corpus of examples from the chosen text and a selection of examples from elsewhere.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available