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Title: The intellectual precursors of art therapy in Britain : a cultural history
Author: Hogan, Susan Jane
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 1997
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This research has its focus on the period c. 1790 to 1966. In the late 18th Century the arts were used as part of a moral treatment method. This research looks at the claims made by moral practitioners about the purportedly curative effects of patient engagement in art work, along with their concerns about the negative consequences of the expression of an unrestrained imagination. The research then moves on to look at 19 th Century psychological and anthrophological writings and examines how symbolism in art and language was linked to the theories of degeneration and assumptions about the hierarchy of races. Psychoanalytic theories about symbolism are also presented. The research then looks at the development of a 'psychopathological school', a group of psychiatrists and others who viewed art works as evincing information about underlying neurotic conflicts. The work of analytic (Jungian) psychologists receives separate attention because the way that analytic psychology viewed art work and symbolism was very different to that of psychoanalysis and far more influential to the development of art therapy as a profession. One particular organisation receives detailed attention because of its significance to art therapy developments, but this is done with reference to the institutional and intellectual development of analytical psychology in Britain. The research then examines in detail the use of art therapy in the context of post-war (World War II) rehabilitation and the treatment of tuberculosis patients, as well as in psychiatric settings. A brief exploration of art therapy in education is then presented, along with an examination of the influence of surrealism on art therapy.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available