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Title: Fishermen's job perception and mobility : a study in socio-economics and fisheries management
Author: Abiodun, A.
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 1994
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This thesis sets out to examine contending issues in the literature on fisheries resource exploitation and management and, in recognition of the critical role of labour in executing a successful policy of rational utilisation of the resource, to investigate the fishermen's perception of their occupation and probable determinants of their mobility. This is placed within the context that labour stickiness, even in the presence of declining economic returns, is the rule rather than the exception in the fishing industry. These issues are examined with data on Scottish and Nigeria's fishing industries and a survey of Scottish fishermen. It is found that the issue of fishermen's mobility is not that of a lack of willingness on the part of the majority to exit from the industry but the problem is mainly with the speed of exit which may be too slow to match the requirements of management for stock conservation. This is reflected in the high degree of tolerance to declining income among the fishermen, an equivalent of a low reservation wage which translates to a high cost of inducing exit from the industry. Models investigated for fishermen's mobility in Scottish fisheries indicate the strong influence of the opportunity wage, output and vessels on the number of fishermen while for Nigeria's small-scale fisheries the dominance of the output variable coupled with the non-significance of price per se suggests the importance of production for subsistence rather than for exchange. The significance of the unemployment variable is indicative of the open-access nature of the artisanal fisheries of less developed countries. Policies that seek to reduce labour use in the industry may find greater success in vessel reduction for large-scale fisheries but success hinges on the availability of fishing or sea-related alternative employment opportunities.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available