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Title: Maladaptive personality traits and gender: their influence on violent and sexual aggression
Author: Maxwell, Louise
Awarding Body: City University London
Current Institution: City, University of London
Date of Award: 2013
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The aim of the current research was to explore the relationship between masculinity and hostility and consider the influential nature of psychopathic traits upon this relationship. Two components of hostility were measured; over-controlled hostility and hostility, and masculinity was identified as comprising a range of masculine scripts, each of which could have differing relationships with hostility. Two studies were conducted in an attempt to explore these relationships in an offender (N = 22) and a non-offender sample (N = 85). Study 1 used a sample of mentally disordered offenders whilst Study 2 was conducted using the general population. It was hypothesised that high levels of masculinity would correlate with high levels of hostility and that there would be a negative correlation between masculinity and over-controlled hostility. Furthermore, it was anticipated that psychopathy would influence these relationships. Whilst Study 1 only provided partial support for the hypotheses whilst Study 2 was more promising in terms of significance, however similar trends emerged across both cohorts. Whilst masculinity was found to significantly predict levels of hostility (in the anticipated direction), it no longer provided a unique contribution to the model of regression following the introduction of psychopathy. Discussions of these results consider whether these findings can be generalised to an offending population and if so, what implications this may have on the treatment of violent offenders.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Psych) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available