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Title: Model-based speech enhancement
Author: Harding, Philip
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2013
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A method of speech enhancement is developed that reconstructs clean speech from a set of acoustic features using a harmonic plus noise model of speech. This is a significant departure from traditional filtering-based methods of speech enhancement. A major challenge with this approach is to estimate accurately the acoustic features (voicing, fundamental frequency, spectral envelope and phase) from noisy speech. This is achieved using maximum a-posteriori (MAP) estimation methods that operate on the noisy speech. In each case a prior model of the relationship between the noisy speech features and the estimated acoustic feature is required. These models are approximated using speaker-independent GMMs of the clean speech features that are adapted to speaker-dependent models using MAP adaptation and for noise using the Unscented Transform. Objective results are presented to optimise the proposed system and a set of subjective tests compare the approach with traditional enhancement methods. Threeway listening tests examining signal quality, background noise intrusiveness and overall quality show the proposed system to be highly robust to noise, performing significantly better than conventional methods of enhancement in terms of background noise intrusiveness. However, the proposed method is shown to reduce signal quality, with overall quality measured to be roughly equivalent to that of the Wiener filter.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available