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Title: Microporous polymers for carbon dioxide capture
Author: Croad, Matthew
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2013
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The research described in this thesis relates to the development and optimisation of a novel polymerisation reaction and its subsequent use in the generation of novel ‘Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity’ (PIMs). The polymerisation reaction takes monomers containing two or more aromatic amines and fuses them together by the synthesis of a bridged bicyclic heterocyclic link called Tröger’s base (TB). This link not only strongly holds the polymer chain together, but also provides a site of contortion, which is necessary for a PIM to exhibit microporosity. The first part of this work introduces the background to the research, detailing the reasons behind the development of a new class of PIM and the competitor materials. Following this is detailed the optimisation of the TB forming condensation reaction and the synthesis of a variety of amine functionalised monomers. Also described in this section is the optimisation of a second condensation reaction used for the synthesis of a family of compounds based around a coumaron framework, all of which lack amine functionality. This precedes discussion of X-ray crystal structure analysis of several TB model compounds, amine functionalised monomers and coumaron-based compounds. After this is a description of the development of the novel TB polymerisation reaction, the results of the TB polymerisation of the amine functionalised monomers, characterisation of the successful polymers and the attempted polymerisation of two coumaron-based monomers. The final part of this work reports the experimental procedure for each compound together with full characterisation. In closing, the TB polymerisation reaction has successfully used for the production of highly stable and soluble PIMs exhibiting a wide range of microporosity, with BET surface areas ranging from 0 m2/g to 1035 m2/g. A few of these PIMs have been found to have excellent molecular weight, capable of forming strong membranes, suitable for gas separation, most notably for the purification of oxygen, hydrogen and carbon dioxide from nitrogen. Conversely, the synthesis of coumaron-based PIMs proved unsuccessful, but nevertheless this research should allow the future synthesis of a coumaron-based PIM. The research on TB polymerisation detailed in this thesis has contributed towards an International Patent122 and a paper in Science123so can be deemed to have been successful by that measure.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD Chemistry